Singular limits for models of selection and mutations with heavy tails

Jeudi 28 novembre 14:00-15:00 - Sepideh Mirrahimi - Université Paul Sabatier

Résumé : In this work, we perform an asymptotic analysis of a nonlocal reaction-diffusion equation, with a fractional laplacian as the diffusion term and with a nonlocal reaction term. Such equation models the evolutionary dynamics of a phenotypically structured population in a situation where large mutations may arise with a high rate.
We perform a rescaling considering large time and small effect of mutations, but still with algebraic law. We prove that asymptotically the phenotypic density concentrates as a Dirac mass which evolves in time. This work extends an approach based on Hamilton-Jacobi equations with constraint, that has been developed to study models from evolutionary biology, to the case of fat-tailed mutation kernels. However, unlike previous works within this approach, the WKB transformation of the solution does not converge to a viscosity solution of a Hamilton-Jacobi equation but to a viscosity supersolution of such equation which is minimal in a certain class of supersolutions.

Lieu : IMO, Salle 3L8

Singular limits for models of selection and mutations with heavy tails  Version PDF