Résumé : A hypersymplectic structure on a 4-manifold is a triple of symplectic forms , , with the property that at every point is a positive definite matrix times a volume form. The obvious example is the triple of Kähler forms coming from a hyperkähler metric, where is the identity matrix times the volume form of the metric. A conjecture of Donaldson states that on a compact 4-manifold and up to isotopy, this is the only possibility : any hypersymplectic structure is isotopic through a path of hypersymplectic structures to a hyperkähler triple. This can be seen as a special case of a folklore conjecture : any symplectic 4-manifold with and admits a compatible complex structure making it hyperkähler.
I will report on joint work with Chengjian Yao, in which we study a geometric flow designed to deform a given hypersymplectic structure towards a hyperkähler one. The flow comes from a dimensional reduction of G2 geometry. The hypersymplectic structure defines a G2 structure on the product of the 4-manifold with a 3-torus and the G2-Laplacian flow on this 7-manifold determines a flow of hypersymplectic structures on the 4-manifold, called the “hypersymplectic flow”. Our main result is that the hypersymplectic flow exists for as long as the scalar curvature of the 7-manifold remains bounded. One can compare this with the Ricci flow, where the analogous result involves a bound on the whole Ricci curvature.
I will assume no prior knowledge of Ricci flow, G2 geometry or hypersymplectic structures and will do my best to focus on the overall picture rather than technical details.
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Département de Mathématiques Bâtiment 425
Faculté des Sciences d'Orsay Université Paris-Sud
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